With the right tactics and knowledge, summer trout fishing in rivers can be very good, but there are things you need to know and consider before you go fish. This article covers the tips and advice that river guides to keep thier clients catching trout all summer.
When summer trout fishing in river anglers should be aware of water temperatures which can greatly affect trout feeding behaviors. Summer trout fishing also requires different tactics, baits, lures, as well as targeting the trout at select times of the day. Trout will even hold in different spots.
Most streams and rivers that hold trout during the spring will still harbor them throughout the summer, too. However, summer trout fishing in rivers can be tricky if you fish them the same as you did in the spring.
Even trout migration patterns are important to understand because on some rivers trout can migrate over 20 miles to find colder water.
Summer Trout Fishing In Rivers
You might enjoy the warm weather during the summer months, but trout are cold-water species, and they won’t share your enthusiasm. They like their water cool and oxygenated and tend to minimize their activities when it becomes too hot.
For this reason, summer trout fishing in rivers requires a bit of know-how. Let’s see what you need to learn before you can start catching trout in the summer!
If you into trout fishing at any time of the year, it’s best that you also check out my page Trout Fishing 101: Learn Guide Tips And Tactics For More Trout
How Does Weather Affect Summer Trout Fishing In Rivers?
Summer trout fishing in the rivers is highly dependent on the weather. The weather, especially very hot and dry weather can raise water temperatures beyond what trout find comfortable.
If the air temperatures are very high for prolonged periods, trout might shut down as the water temps increase. If you want to beat the heat and have a successful fishing trip from June to September, you must use the weather to your advantage.
On some rivers, the summer trout fishing is at its best immediately after rain. In fact, some of the biggest trout will feed heavily after a rain.
Heavy rains raise the water levels and dirty the water which lowers their cautiousness. Rains also trigger runoff from fields and hills which wash food such as insects like ants and beetles into the river.
Heavy rains can also knock insects off leaves and grasses along the rivers and into the rivers. Heavy rains can also knock bugs right out of the air and into the river.
All this food at once can cause feeding frenzies for trout and makes an ideal opportunity for you to catch a few of them.
There is a downside to rain in the summer too, and it’s very important to know.
The downside to midday rain showers right after high sun is that the ground surface can be very hot from the sun. Think of a hot road or driveway, sometimes it’s so hot you can’t even stand on it.
Now think of the rain falling on that hot surface which warms up the water substantially and all that warm water eventually flows into the river raising water temperatures far above the trout temperature tolerance which can shut them down and stop any feeding.
Rains on cloudy days are far better than rains on sunny days. Early morning rains can also be good as can nighttime rains. Some rivers that do not get a lot of runoff from rains will be less affected by warm rains.
What Is The Best Time Of Day For Catching Trout In Summer?
During the hot summer days, trout are most active during the early morning hours and at dusk. For this reason, all the guiding I do in the summer is early in the morning, and you should adjust your fishing schedule and go out either early in the morning or the evening too.
The water temperature is usually too high during the day and often by 11am the trout feel stressed.
It has been my experience that once the water hits around 69F the trout naturally stop feeding and you might as well not be there. It’s not uncommon for me to check water temps every hour in the morning and if I notice the trout activity levels have dropped it’s always because the water temps are 68F or above. This is when I go find colder water are call it quits for the day.
Avoid fishing trout during the late morning or mid or late afternoon unless you check the water temps with a good stream thermometer.
Here is the trout fishing timetable you can use for reference when targeting trout in summer: This is only a guideline based on air temps for anglers that do not have a stream thermometer. If you want to know what stream thermometer I use and recommend, check out my page River Fishing Gear: Everything You Need To Succeed
|Air temperature (Fahrenheit)||The best time of the day to fish trout|
|61 to 65 °F||10 a.m. to 2 p.m.|
|66 to 70 °F||9 a.m. to 1 p.m.|
|71 to 75 °F||8 a.m. to 12 p.m.|
|76 to 80 °F||7 a.m. to 11 a.m.|
|81 to 85 °F||7 a.m. to 10 a.m.|
|86 to 89 °F||6 a.m. to 9 a.m|
As you can see, the hotter it is outside, the earlier you should fish. You should be at your spot during the first two hours from sunrise. If you like to sleep longer, you can trout fish just before nightfall, too. As the sun lowers in the sky, the water temps will start to become colder, this is more true on spring-fed rivers and streams.
As an example of how the sun affects the water temps. A local river that I fish and guide can be 70 to 75F from noon to 6pm, but by8pm it can be 66 – 67F and by 6am it can drop to 59 – 61F and is then perfect for fishing trout again.
This rise and drop temperature pattern can happen every day for months and the trout will feed only during these colder periods.
What Is The Ideal Water Temperature For Catching Trout In Summer?
As I discussed, the temperature of the water has a direct influence on trout feeding patterns. When water gets warmer, trout feed less actively or not at all, and it is harder or impossible for you to catch them. This is why many anglers give up on trout fishing during the summer.
In general, trout feed actively when the water temperature is between 40 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit. However, different types of trout tolerate different water temps.
For example, brook trout, bull trout, and cutthroat trout feed in colder waters than rainbow trout and might even feed well in 34 – 40 degrees Fahrenheit. Their prefered feeding temps are 40 to 60F.
Rainbow trout feed actively when the water temp is between 40 – 69 degrees. However, they prefer temperatures in the 52 – 64 degrees Fahrenheit range. Brown trout can tolerate slightly higher temperatures for prolonged periods than rainbow trout but their feeding temps are about the same.
One thing to note when discussing water temps is stability and the comfort of the trout.
While a trout might actively be feeding at 40F when the temperature is staying stable at that temperature, That same trout may not feed at 40F if the temperature has quickly dropped from 45 or 50 degrees.
Because trout are cold-blooded, their body temps match the water temps and a fast drop in temperature can slow their metabolism and their activity levels until their bodies adapt to the temperature. This is why in the winter the best time of day to fish is between 11am and 3pm when the water temps have risen or stabilized and trout are more active.
It would be wise to check the fishing regulations for the area you are targeting. Sometimes there are temperature-related fishing restrictions.
Catch-And-Release Summer Trout Fishing In Rivers
I have actually made many anglers angry because I guide on catch and release rivers for trout in very hot weather in the middle of the summer. They believe that I am killing fish needlessly and that I should not fish in the summer. I believe they are wrong and I will explain why below.
Before you fish in the summer there are a few things you should do.
If you practice catch-and-release trout fishing in summer, you need to be extra careful not to hurt or kill the fish. Try to bring the trout into the net as soon as possible in warmer water. You should avoid playing with the fish long because it can become exhausted quite quickly in the warmer temps. Using slightly heavier leaders can help.
Fishing a fish for too long in warmer water can be fatal for the fish!
Try not to touch the trout too much and USE A NET. If you damage its protective layer with your hand or a glove, the trout can get infected with skin deseases easily. Keep the fish’s head in the water as much as you can, and release it as soon as possible.
AIR KILLS FISH! it is very important to keep the fish below the surface. 20 to 30 seconds out of the water for a photo is plenty. Do not drag fish up onto the bank if you plan to release them, leave them in the net and leave them below the surface. A proper net is very important. Check my page 5 Best Trout Nets And A Guides Advice On How To Attach Them
You can target trout until the water becomes too hot (67 – 70 degrees, depending on the type of fish). Fishing at higher temperatures is unethical since trout are likely to die from the stress even when you do everything right.
However, Even though the rivers near me can be 70 – 75F by mid-day during the summer, I still fish these rivers. I fish and guide them first thing in the morning when the river is back down to 59 – 63F. Doing so has allowed me and my clients to catch thousands of large trout all summer, and then release them healthy and safe.
How do I know they are healthy after release even when the air temps are over 30F? Simply because every year I will catch the same large trout over and over again. I have caught the same trout 20 times a summer even though the days I catch them the air temps are over 30F. I often will even catch them again the next summer.
Proper handling and releasing of trout are critical for their survival and so is paying close attention to water temps. This is why I ignore those anglers that get angry when river guides like fish and guide all summer.
What Are The Best Spots For Summer Trout Fishing In Rivers?
As you can probably assume, when fishing for trout in the summer, your goal is to find colder areas of the river. As temperatures rise, trout migrate into cooler water areas, usually upstream or around the feeder streams. I have seen many trout migrate 20 miles or more from their winter and spring spots to their late summer spots.
In summer, experienced anglers usually fish the first few miles of the upper river, some call this the headwaters of the river; you should do that, too.
Some trout will also hold just below where small cold incoming feeder creeks enter the main river. Some trout will even migrate up these feeder creeks in search of colder water where they can survive the summer heat.
Oxygen Levels For Summer Trout Fishing
Oxygen also plays an important role in a trout’s life and it’s something that many anglers don’t understand.
Normally, colder water has more oxygen content than warmer water. Cold water is also denser and heavier than warmer water and it sinks or doesn’t rise, and therefore often the coldest and most oxygenated water will be in the deepest pools. This is a great spot to target summer trout.
Some rivers just do not have deep spots so the trout don’t have the option of holding in deep cold water holes.
Instead, the best-oxygenated water is in the rapids and riffles and I have seen even big trout move out of slower and slightly deeper sections and move into 6 to 24 inches of fast water simply because the oxygen content is better. Anglers should start trying to fish fast water during the summer.
When summer trout fishing in rivers, you should try fishing spots such as:
- Deep holes at the foot of rapids
- Riffles and pocket water
- Obstructions breaking the current
- Shady or covered water areas
- Open water near undercut banks
Avoid popular, heavily-fished spots because trout have already been targeted for months by the time summer season begins. They are thus probably more educated at avoiding getting caught.
Think outside the box and find new fishing spots – that will likely increase your chances of catching trout!
What Do Trout Eat In Summer?
Trout mostly feed on aquatic and terrestrial insects, but they sometimes eat other fish, leeches, worms, and crustaceans, too.
In the summer, the emphasis is on the terrestrial (land-based) insects that fly onto the water or fall into it. For example, grasshoppers are notoriously poor fliers, and they often end up as trout food during hot summer days.
What Is The Best Type Of Bait For Catching Trout In Summer?
Having the right set of baits with you can make all the difference no matter the season. Your fishing technique determines the bait you are going to use.
You can also dangle a worm at the end of the setup but using the proper worm setup for rivers is important and I have found the right hook, combined with a small live worm or a plastic worm is best.
Worms might be fantastic in the spring when they are often found all over the place after spring rains, but during the summer, worms are not always as effective simply because they are less abundant.
But that doesn’t mean you should try a worm, just don’t rely only on worms or you may end up catching nothing. See my article Fishing With Worms For Trout and Steelhead: 10 Guide Tips
Some anglers will use egg-type boats like spawn bags, single eggs, and trout beads with good success during the summer. These baits will often work great in the spring but can be good in the summer too, but just like worms, don’t only fish eggs or you may not catch any trout. I tend to downsize all my egg baits during the summer.
Minnows, leeches, crawfish, grubs, maggots, and flies are also good options for summer trout fishing. For more information on the best baits, how to set them up, the best hooks for baits, best colors and sizes, check out my page Best Trout Bait – The Only 5 Baits You Will Ever Need.
What Is The Best Type Of Lure For Catching Trout In Summer?
Trout are attracted by the lures that flutter and dart. You can thus try spinners, spoons, and crankbaits for summer trout. For tips and tactics on fishing lures for trout and steelhead check out my page, Lure Fishing For Trout: Tactics From A Pro River Guide
If you fish from the riverbank on smaller rivers, opt for a small size 0 or 2 spinners but when fishing bigger rivers that require long casts, don’t be afraid to upsize to a 3# or #4 spinner, especially for casting baits in the early morning or late afternoon when the big trout are most active.
Try a Panther Martin or Mepps spinner – both have a good track record.
What Is The Best Type Of Flies For Catching Trout In Summer?
When there is a lot of trout action on the surface, you should best use a wet or dry fly.
When the trout are not feeding on the surface, flies that work best for catching trout in the summer are differently-colored Wooly Buggers and nymphs like Prince Nymphs.
Flies are a very effective during the summer and you may not be a fly angler which is OK because flies can be effectively fished using spinning rods, see my article How To Fish Flies With Spinning Gear: 2 Best Methods.
I will also often downsize my flies in the middle of the summer, or be sure that I match any current hatches going on. It’s always best to try and match what they are already feeding on.
The Best Fishing Tactics For Summer Trout Fishing In Rivers
As we have already established, trout are not very active when temperatures rise. Therefore, they are highly unlikely to chase after food that is far away. They do not have the energy to do that!
It means that trout will wait for food to come to them. For this reason, you have to give your best to cover as much water as possible. You can fly fish, spin fish, or throw a lure – it is up to you, but you have to cover the water effectively!
Float fishing with a good bait below a float is a great method in deeper water. To learn how to float fish well check out my page Float Fishing: Tips From A Pro River Guide For More Trout
Bottom bouncing is a very effective method for summer trout fishing in shallow runs, pockets, and riffles. Bottom Bouncing – 5 Proven Guide Tips For More Fish
Fly fishing for trout is my favorite method and can be exceptionally effective if you know what you are doing.
If it’s not quite inthe heat of the summer yet and the trout are not on a summer bite, dont forget to check out my page Spring Trout Fishing: Tips And Advice From River Guides
Summer Trout Fishing In Rivers Q&A