Lure Fishing For Trout: Tactics From A Pro River Guide

Lure fishing for trout

Get Your Lure Fishing For Trout Advice From An Expert

Many anglers want to know how to do lure fishing for trout properly and as one of the top river guides in the country, lure fishing for trout is one of my specialties. These are my tips and advice.

Lure fishing for trout can be one of the most effective ways to catch trout in a river or a stream. Lure fishing for trout is also easy to learn and doesn’t require much gear. Using these guide tactics and tips when lure fishing for trout will help you catch more and bigger trout.

Use The Best Lures When Lure Fishing For Trout

As a river guide, one of the most common questions I get asked by anglers that fish lures for trout is, “what are the best lures for trout”.

The best lures for trout are spinners, spoons, jigs, and plugs in a variety of sizes and colors. The best lures for trout will also include lures that go deep, lures that can be fished shallow, lures that can be fished fast, and lures that can be fished slow. The best lures for trout also have good action.

The Best Lures For Trout
The 4 best lures for trout are spinners, spoons, jigs, and plugs.

There are other lures that will work too, but these 4 lures will almost always get the job done in any situation.

Even though they are what I would consider the best lures for trout they only work well if you know how to fish them properly.

I know you were hoping that I’m going to tell you which lure is my best lures for trout but this page is all about how to fish with lures effectively, and it’s not about my best lures for trout.

For more information on my favorite lures and lure brands for trout check out my page on the Best Lures For Trout – Coming Soon

Baits like worms, eggs, corn, grubs, or maggots are also effective for trout but I don’t consider them lures. They are bait, and they are fished with different methods than fishing with lures for trout, and although they can be very effective at catching trout I will discuss them in detail on my Best Baits For Trout page.

Use The Right Size Lures For Trout

One of the first things to consider when lure fishing for trout is the size of the lure. Even very large trout will hit a small lure at times and small trout will hit a large lure sometimes. But just because the odd fish will hit a lure that is too big or too small doesn’t mean you can just use any lure for trout and expect it to work.

Lure fishing for trout
Lure fishing for trout can produce large and small trout and all species of trout will hit a well presented lure.

I change my lure sizes based on and a number of factors and every day can be different. One day you might catch lots of trout on a 3-inch spoon while the next weekend the trout won’t touch it.

These are the top things I consider when choosing the right lure size from most important to least important:

  • The average size of the fish in the rivers.
  • The fish’s activity level.
  • The color of the water and the clarity.
  • Size of the river that I am fishing.
  • The water temperature
  • Size of the forage or bait fish the trout normally feed on.
  • The light conditions

Trout Size Versus Lure Size

Trout Eat Fish
This little rainbow was grabbed by a 20 inch brown trout as my client was reeling it in which shows trout eat fish.

If I’m fishing a river that is mostly 5 to 10-inch brook trout I would likely start with lures in the 1-inch size since these smaller trout have small mouths and since the bulk of the food these trout would eat would be smaller.

If I’m lure fishing for trout in a river that has both small and large trout over 20 inches I may start with a 2-inch lure and then up-size to lures up to 6 inches long.

Most years some of the largest trout that my clients and I will see are huge trout that attack the smaller trout that my client is reeling in. I have seen 24-inch brown trout grab 8-inch trout.

Use The Right Size Of Lure For The Fish’s Mood

When lure fishing for trout I will often start with a small lure and if that doesn’t work I will start trying larger lures. The reason I start with smaller lures is that it’s less likely to spook a nervous trout in very clear water. If they don’t eat the small lure I will keep going up in size.

There are times when I will start with a 2-inch lure and get no results which is when I will start upsizing to a larger lure, and when I get to a 6-inch lure that’s when that 1 huge trout that only wants a big meal finally decides to grab it.

If I find that the fish are very aggressive I find larger lures can work well but if I find that the trout are not biting I often find downsizing to smaller lures is best. Basically, you will need to experiment to find the right size for the fish.

Using The Right Trout Lure For Water Clarity

When lure fishing for trout in very clear water I will often use smaller lures but if the water is dirtier I will use a larger profile lure that the fish will be able to see better.

GUIDE TIP: Use lures that make a lot of sounds, like a rattle or a vibration when lure fishing for trout in dirty water. The sound will help the trout determine that the lure is there and it will help the trout home-in on the lure and hit it. A spinner like the Vibrax brand will be a lot noisier than a spoon or a jig.

Use the Right Lure Size For The River

Lure fishing for trout in smaller rivers.
Smaller rivers like this are great for lure fishing for trout but accurate casting is required.

In small streams where I don’t need to cast very far, I will use lures that are much lighter and smaller. These lures won’t make a big splash in a small pool and spook the fish.

When lure fishing for trout in larger rivers that require much longer casts I will go to a larger sized lure or a heavier lure that can be casted a long way.

The Right Lure For Water Temperature

This comes back to the fishes activity level. If the water is very cold or the water temperature has dropped fast the fish could be very inactive and I find a smaller lure moved slowly will often entice the most bites from a trout. When lure fishing for trout in the winter a slower erratic lure will often entice the most strike. Lure that wobble and move slowly like the Kwikfish can be an excellent choice for cold water trout.

Match The Lure To The Bait Fish

Trout eat fish
This small trout puked up this fish when I got him in the net which clearly shows that trout eat other fish.

This is a tough one because it’s often hard to determine what the natural baitfish size is but if you see a lot of small 2-inch minnows swimming around try using a 2-inch lure.

If you see lots of bigger baitfish then go up a size or two.

You would be surprised what trout will eat. I catch many 20-inch to 26-inch trout on flies less than a 1/4 inch long, and I have hooked very small trout on lures over 6 inches long.

The Right Lures For Low-Light Conditions

Under low light conditions and when fishing at night, I find that larger lures will work better than smaller lures. Lures that move slower and have some noise like a rattle or a vibration also tend to work better in low light conditions of early morning, dusk, and at night.

I also find that trout are often more active in low light conditions and as I said before, more active fish will hot larger lures.

Use The Right Lure Colors When Lure Fishing For Trout

Using the right lure colors is very important when lure fishing for trout because under certain conditions the trout will be more aggressive on one color versus another color.

The best lure colors for trout are silver, gold, orange, olive, and black. However, under different light conditions and water clarity, other colors like Chartreuse, red, and pink can be good. Using colors that match the natural forage of the river is also a good idea.

Lure Fishing For Trout In Small Streams

Lures For Trout In Small Rivers
Lures for trout in small rivers will be different and so will the methods used to fish them.

Lure fishing in smaller streams and rivers calls for different lures and different tactics than you would use in larger rivers. Small stream lure fishing for trout may mean one or two casts in a pool or pocket and then you move.

Lure fishing in small rivers doesn’t require heavy lures that can be cast far and large lures can sometimes spook trout in smaller clear pools. It’s best to start with small lures and then work your way to larger sizes.

The best lures to use in small rivers are spinners, spoons, and jigs but I have done well with small plugs too.

When lure fishing for trout in a small river you may need to change your lure based on the size of each spot. A spot that is 15 feet long and 10 feet wide can be fished with a plug that need to be reeled in to give it some action but a spot that is 3 feet wide and 3 feet long may not be big enough for a plug but might be perfect for a jig or a spinner.

Small rivers and small spots will require a different lure but also a different approach.

Lure Fishing For Trout In Larger Rivers

If you are fishing larger rivers that are 30 feet across or more you will need to change your tactics and your lures. Lure fishing for trout in larger rivers often requires bigger lures or heavier lures that can be cast far enough to get to the fish.

You will also need lures that can get deep enough since many larger rivers are deeper. Using a 5 inch Rapala crankbait that only dive 3 to 5 feet deep may not be the best option which means you will need to find lures that can get to the desired depth.

You also need to know where the right depth is and how to get your lure there which I discuss below.

How To Fish Lures For Trout Effectively

I watch a lot of anglers lure fishing for trout with very poor technique and because of that they miss a lot of trout.

If you are going to lure fish for trout you need to know how to cover the water properly and that means with each cast and at every depth. You also need to know how to work your lure since different lures work different.

In order to do both of these you need to be in the right position and you need to know how to get the lure in the strike zone.

Cover The Water Effectively With Lures

Fish Flies With Spinning Gear

This is likely the biggest mistake the average angler lure fishing for trout makes. Most anglers do not systematically cover the water and will start throwing their lures aimlessly in all different directions. This is a big MISTAKE and is the reason why a lot of anglers will go home empty handed or with few fish landed.

To cover the water with a lure effectively you need to have your starting point and your end point in mind and make sure you cover every 3 to 5 feet of the spot you will be fishing.

When lure fishing for trout you should almost always start casting at the top of the pool and then work your way down the pool, instead of starting at the bottom of the spot and working your way up.

Part of the reason for this is that trout face up river most of the time and a lure being dragged up behind the fish might spook it. Also because a lure that is behind the fish may not be seen so the trout won’t eat it.

The exception to this rule is fishing is low clear water with trout that are nervous, which may be better for you to stay behind the fish so they don’t see you and get spooked. A spooked fish’s first instinct is to freeze and they will go lock-jaw and that means they won’t eat anything.

The picture below shows a few things. First, the angler in the picture is way to close and should be back about 1o to 15 feet where the blue lines start. Second, the blue indicate the direction of the cast and end with a yellow dot where the lure should land. Each cast should be as far to the opposite side of the spot as possible.

The yellow line indicates where the water goes from shallow to deep which is the edge of the pool. The fish will usually be in the deeper parts of the pool but they can be right where the angler is standing or they could be further back or even tight to the bank if it’s deep enough like this spot is.

Each cast should land about 3 or 4 feet apart so that as the lure is retrieved (follow the path of each green line in the picture) it will also be about 3 feet apart. In clear water like this it’s not unusual for a trout to move up to 6 feet to grab a well presented lure.

3 feet is my go to when the water is clear but when the water is dirtier I will make it 2 feet. On huge rivers that are clear I may go to every 4 or 5 feet.

You start you cast right where the water goes from shallow into deeper water and you end you cast where the water goes from deeper into the shallower water. It’s not uncommon to catch the biggest trout on that first drop right where the angler is standing in the water in this picture.

Fishing For Trout With Lures - Cover The Water
To cover a spot properly when fishing lures for trout you should try to start at the top and work your way down casting about every 3 feet.

Cover The Depth Of The Water With Your Lures

You also need to cover the water at all depths and this can be a bit tricky but if you use these tips it can really help you catch more fish. In many rivers we can’t see the bottom so we don’t know how deep the spot is.

If we cast our a spinner or a spoon and start retrieving it the lure may only go down 2 or 3 feet. That’s great if the spot is only 3 or 4 feet deep but it’s bad if the spot is 7 to 9 feet deep. Some trout wont move more then a couple feet so its always best if we can get the lure withing 24 inches of a trout.

Therefore we have to find the bottom to make sure we are deep enough. The way I find bottom is to use lures that run deeper like a deep diving plug or I will use sinking lures like a spinner.

FYI, a wide blade spinner will run shallower than a thin blade spinner.

Lures For Trout Fishing
Some trout lures will go deep and some will stay shallow. Use the right type of lure to get your lure down to the trout.

I cast and make a retrieve with my rod tip straight out or pointed slightly towards the water. If I don’t hit bottom I will repeat the exact same cast, same spot, same path but this time with my rod tip lower or even touching the water. If I don’t hit bottom I repeat again but this tip with my tip a foot or two into the water.

If I hit bottom on any cast I will lift my tip up, if it hit again part way through the cast I lift the tip higher.

If I still do not hit bottom I will change my lure to a deep diving lure or a weighted lure like a spoon or a spinner and repeat. If I still don’t hit bottom with these sinking lures I will cast and let the lure sink for a few second before I start my retrieve. If I hit bottom I lift my tip and on the next cast I wont wait as long before I retrieve. If I still don’t hit the bottom I will wait longer to let the lure sink deeper before I start my retrieve.

I will repeat these steps from the top of the spot to the bottom of the spot. Once you figure out thee lure or the sink time to find the bottom all you other cast should be faster but the reason I keep trying to locate bottom is because the top of the pool might be 3 feet deep but 10 feet down it might be 7 or 8 feet deep.

It’s also not uncommon for one side of the pool to be deeper than the other like in the picture so pay attention to where in the retrieve you keep hitting the bottom. Once you hit bottom or if there is a high spot that you keep hitting, simply lift your tip high enough to raise the bait up and off the bottom at that point. You want to keep your bait about 12 to 24 inches off the bottom.

If you get good at covering the water systematically and you get good at finding the bottom and then lifting the lure up and off the bottom you can greatly increase the amount of fish you can catch.

Lures that drag the bottom get hung up often and you will likely catch less fish so don’t drag the bottom unless you want to loose a lot of lures.

Work Your Lure For More Trout

The last tip I will give you when lure fishing for trout is to work your lure. The difference between a professional bass angler using a crank bait and rookie using a crankbait is more than just the amount of fish they both catch. Yes the bass guy will usually catch way more bass even if they are both using the same lure simply because they work the lure better.

A lure casted and reeled straight in will catch fish, but a lure casted and worked in will catch more fish.

I have taught many anglers how to do this well and it always catches more trout. Trout and other predatory fish have a harder time resisting a dying, struggling, or injured fish.

If you reel your lure straight in it looks healthy and fast and might get away so it’s a harder target, but if you jerk it, and rip it, and pause it, then it looks injured and this is harder for even a neutral active fish to resist. The more erratic the better sometimes.

Even with spinners and spoons, I will reel it in 5 to 10 feet and then rip or jig it with a split second pause between rips and paused to trigger a strike. Try it, it works!

For a full list of gear for river fishing check out this page on The Best River Gear

Ask A Guide About Lure Fishing For Trout

Anyone that knows me knows I love to teach and guide for trout with many methods including with lures (About Me). If you have a question about lure fishing for trout or if there are some tips you have that you want to share, let me and my reader know in the comment section below.

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