Kalamazoo River steelhead fishing can be excellent at times, but it also has its challenges.
The Kalamazoo River also has good fishing for salmon starting in late August and peaking in October. In the fall, the steelhead and salmon will be in the river together, making for some exciting fishing.
The Allegan Dam limits further upriver migration of steelhead and salmon. There are a few good spots along the river to try and some good methods to consider.
About the Kalamazoo River
The Kalamazoo River is located in Michigan, about 80 minutes north of Michigan City. It rises in Hillsdale County, flows in a WNW direction, and ends in Lake Michigan.
With its North and South branch, the Kalamazoo River is a big river starting in Hillsdale County as a spring-fed pond and flowing in a WNW direction for 175 miles, eventually ending in Lake Michigan near Saugatuck, Michigan.
The Kalamazoo River played an important historical role as a major artery for transportation and a power source for numerous grist mills and hydroelectric dams.
Nowadays, the only boats you can spot are recreational canoes, kayaks, or small fishing boats.
Some tributaries offer opportunities for steelhead, salmon, rainbow trout, brown trout, and brook trout.
About the Kalamazoo River Steelhead
The Kalamazoo River is one of the best steelhead waters in southwest Michigan. This Kalamazoo River is stocked annually with about 15,000 Michigan strain steelhead in early spring.
Summer-run steelhead also wander into the Kalamazoo River from Lake Michigan, but they probably originate from the nearby St Joseph River.
Michigan Steelhead – Steelhead is a name for migratory rainbow trout. These fish are born in rivers, but unlike their close relatives, the rainbow trout, they spend the better portion of their lives in the Great Lakes or the ocean.
Most Michigan steelhead will spawn in March or April. However, some will enter the Kalamazoo River starting in September and continue each month until the spring.
Experienced Kalamazoo steelhead anglers describe these fish as fierce, muscular, and aggressive. They never go down without a fight, and they are a challenge in the big water that can be littered with wood and logs.
The Best Access Points For Fishing The Kalamazoo River
Rabbit River Junction Area: When the river is in good shape and not dirty or too high, there are a few good places for fishing for steelhead on Kalamazoo River. The juncture with the Rabbit River is a spot many anglers like to try, as it’s a halfway point between Allegan Dam and Lake Michigan.
The Dam: The Allegan Dam launch site is a good area to put a boat in to fish the 4 to 5 miles below the dam. This section below the dam is another hotspot for steelhead. As mentioned, the dam stops the steelhead and salmon from getting further up the river.
During cold spells, fish run upriver and stop near the Allegan Dam to wait out the cold. This area is usually ice-free in the winter and provides dependable winter Kalamazoo steelhead fishing.
Although there is bank access at the dam, wading can be challenging. Many anglers prefer to fish from a boat below the dam.
Be very careful when fishing this river from a boat. While it can be done, you need to watch for logs, logs, and more.
The current can be a little swift in the first half mile below the dam, but things slow considerably from there, and the majority of the river below has a slower current. Be cautious and aware if you decide to try a small boat on this upper section of the river.
M89 Fishing Access and Boat Launch: This spot on the Kalamazoo River, where M89 crosses the river below the Allegen County Dam, provides a convenient location for anglers to enjoy their fishing endeavors.
Situated on the Kalamazoo River, this access point is easily accessible from M89 and offers convenient entry to the river for fishing enthusiasts. A parking lot and boat launch are available here.
Bank angling can be tough due to the forest, trees, and deep banks, but it is fishable.
New Richmond Bridge Park: Situated downriver, the park area has a boat launch and a parking area and is best fished by boat.
Kalamaoo River Tributaries
Three small tributary streams that flow into the lower Kalamazoo River, namely Mann, Bear, and Sand Creeks, are classified as high-quality cold water streams and can be fished for steelhead, trout, and salmon anglers.
The mouths of these creeks can and should be fished since steelhead can stack up at the mouths before heading up the tributary. These can be hotspots on an otherwise large and intimidating river.
Mann and Sand Creeks are known for their brook trout population, which clearly shows the quality of the river and the cold temperatures that steelhead will find attractive.
While Bear Creek is predominantly inhabited by brown trout, it can be good fishing for salmon and steelhead when they are in. In addition to natural reproduction, Bear Creek receives an annual stocking of brown trout.
These tribs all serve as successful spawning grounds for steelhead and salmon and add to the wild fish populations of the Kalamazoo River.
Sand and Bear Creeks have documented the reproduction of coho salmon, brown trout, brook trout, and rainbow trout.
While Mann Creek has not been surveyed for natural reproduction, it is evident that brook trout reproduction occurs, and the likelihood of steelhead and coho reproduction is high there.
Among the three streams, Bear Creek attracts the most fishing activity. Its location within the Allegan State Game Area ensures easy access for anglers, and the stocking program adds to its appeal for trout fishing enthusiasts.
Due to its small size, Sand Creek does not experience heavy angling pressure.
Mann Creek, on the other hand, receives moderate fishing pressure primarily due to its dense vegetation along the banks, making fishing challenging.
Is Kalamazoo River Wadable?
The Kalamazoo River is wadable, but mostly upstream from M-89 than down from the dam. The M-89 section is about four river miles below the Allegen County Dam and primarily only wadable on the inside of the bends since the outside bends are often ten feet deep along the shore.
Wading most of the Kalamazoo River can be treacherous due to deep water at the banks, however, there are a few spots where you can cast lures, float fish, or still fish from the bank. The hardest part is landing a big steelhead with deep banks and many trees along the bank.
For bank fishing on the Kalamazoo River, find any open area without logs or wood along the bank and have a long-handled net so you don’t need to get into the water.
Many bank anglers will fish below the bridges and target steelhead passing through.
The Best Time For Kalamazoo River Steelhead Fishing
Since there is some Skamania steelhead in the river, there is the potential to catch steelhead 12 months of the year. However, most steelhead are in the river from October to late April.
Spring Fishing The Kalamazoo River (March, April, May)
Even though you can start fishing in late February as the spring steelhead starts to arrive in good numbers, March, April, and early May are the best times of the year for steelhead fishing.
If you are lucky, and the water is at the right temperature and good clarity, you can catch multiple steelhead a day.
Fall And Winter Steelhead Fishing On The Kalamazoo River (October, November, December)
The best time to start fishing for steelhead on the Kalamazoo River is the end of October. Steelhead fishing is on fire during November and early December.
Midwinter Kalamazoo River fishing opportunities exist since steelhead tend to settle in for the winter by congregating at the Allegan Dam, which doesn’t always freeze.
Lower sections will freeze during the winter.
The Best Fishing Methods for Catching the Kalamazoo River Steelhead
There are a few good methods to fish for steelhead on the Kalamazoo River.
Float Fishing: A popular method is to drift bait under a float known as float fishing, and on many sections, this is the most effective method for catching steelhead and salmon. Find areas 6 to 12 feet deep and get your bait close to the bottom. Since the water is slow, set the hook and the first sign of your float moving.
Plunking: Plunking is a still fishing method where you cast out, allow the weight to anchor the bait near the bottom, and then wait for passing fish to grab your bait.
Lure Fishing: Lure fishing is a very popular and effective way to fish for steelhead on the Kalamazoo River. Casting spinners, spoons, crankbaits, and plugs in open areas can be very effective.
Best Baits For Kalamazoo Steelhead
The most productive baits are spawn sacs, skein chunks, beads, worms, and artificial flies.
There are plenty of other good baits, which you can see on my page, Best Baits For Steelhead.
If you are a rookie or are intimidated by such a large river, try fishing the tributaries first, or better yet, you can always contact the local fishing guide service.
You might also find weekly Michigan fishing reports and updates from Fisheries staff and conservation officers online. They should give you an idea of what is happening in most waters in the area, including the Kalamazoo River.
Finally, you must have a Michigan fishing license. You can find one at most bait and tackle shops or purchase it online.
If you have questions or advice on Kalamazoo River steelhead fishing, let us know in the comments section below.