River guides catch steelhead all winter with these 11 winter steelhead flies. These flies have produced the most steelhead for my clients when I’m guiding in the winter and these flies will work on rivers around the great lakes and on the west coast steelhead rivers.
Winter steelhead flies need to be smaller than fall or spring steelhead flies and they need to represent the natural forage that the steelhead are feeding on. The best flies for winter steelhead are variations of stoneflies, mayflies, caddis larva, eggs patterns, and worm patterns.
Knowing what flies are the best is only part of the equation. There is a saying in the fly fishing world ” a bad fly fishing good is better than a good fly fished bad”. I tell this to all my clients because it’s true.
The Best Winter Steelhead Flies
I know everyone wants to know what’s in my fly box or the box of their local steelhead guide, but what most anglers don’t understand is that those guide flies won’t help them catch fish if they don’t set up their leader properly and they don’t present the flies effectively.
Now if you saw what was in a guide’s fly box and you know how to fish those flies well, now you are really going to kick some steelhead butt on the river.
These are the flies that have been tested and proven over and over again and seem to produce steelhead consistently in rivers all over the great lakes region.
1. Egg Patterns #1 Best Of All The Winter Steelhead Flies
Egg patterns are often the best steelhead fly pattern at any time of the year but during the winter it’s hard to beat a good egg pattern.
If you are looking for the best flies for winter steelhead, be sure you have these in size 8mm, 10mm (salmon egg size), and 12 mm sizes.
During the winter I like white, peach, light yellow, light orange, and light pink colors.
2. Worm Patterns
Worm flies are one of the best winter steelhead flies. My favorite colors are pink, red, and worm brown.
Most of the year I like to use 3 to 4.5-inch worms, but in the winter my secrete flies that have been excellent for me are the 1 and 2-inch micro worm flies.
I like to use the squirmy wormy patter or the Saun Juan Worm pattern.
3. Stonefly Nymphs
Black Stoneflies are an excellent winter steelhead pattern that has put thousands of steelhead in the net for me and my clients.
This is one of those must-have winter steelhead flies that every angler should have in their box and they should give them an honest try when fishing for steelhead at any time of the year.
Sometimes adding a gold or silver bead to this fly can make it even better. I use it with and without the bead and I really like size 10, size 12, and size 14.
4.Pheasant Tail Nymph
The pheasant tail nymph could be one of the best steelhead, trout, and even salmon flies that I have ever used.
It’s an old pattern but it’s one of the best flies for winter steelhead and is one that I always use.
I use it with and without the bead and I really like size 10 and size 12.
4. Caddis Larva Patterns
I’m always on the lookout for what the predominant insect is in the river that I fish all around the great lakes region, from NY to WI and the caddis is everywhere.
This makes this fly pattern a great winter steelhead fly even if it’s not exactly the same as the one I above.
I like this fly tied on a size 10 or 12 scud hook.
5. Woolly Buggers
The Wooly bugger is a fly that has been fantastic when nymphed, stripped in, or swung on my Spey rod. This fly has been great for trout, salmon, and for steelhead, and is a great winter steelhead fly pattern.
Often, my most productive Wooly Bugger patterns have a gold or silver bead head and flash in the body and tail.
I like my Wooly buggers to be about 2 inches long on a size 10 hook for winter fishing. My most productive colors for winter steelhead fly fishing are black, olive, white, brown, and sometimes yellow.
6. Polish Pheasant Tail Nymph
This is a fly that many anglers would not have heard of yet but it’s been a fantastic winter steelhead fly and a fantastic fly all year for steelhead, trout, and salmon.
In the winter I like this fly in a size 10 or 12 but there are times when a size 8 works well.
I have done well with the orange butt and color but have also done well with pink, chartreuse, and black.
Some years, this fly has also been my most productive fly for large brown trout during the summer and for migratory brown trout during the fall and winter.
7. Bead Head Hares Ear Nymph
This fly has been around for many years but it still works and it works well for winter steelhead.
It works with or without the gold bead head. I’ve also done well with a silver bead head.
Sizes 10 and 12 are best for winter steelhead fishing. There are some great variations of this fly that I will discuss below.
8. Hot Tag Hares Ear Nymph
In the last few years, this fly has been catching more fish than the standard Bead Head Hares Ear Nymph.
I really like this pattern tied as seen in pink but have done very well with orange too.
9. Blowtorch Tag Nymph
The Blowtorch tag nymph has been a great winter steelhead fly for me over the last few years and is worth trying on any river. It’s also been very effective for trout and salmon.
I use this in the winter in sizes 10 and 12. In the fall and spring, a size 8 is also good.
This fly had also been good with a yellow, or pink tail and collar.
10. Woolly Worms
Woolly Worms are another great pattern that I have done well with. Through the warmer months, I will use sizes 6 to 10, but in the winter I have done better with size 10, 12, and 14 hooks.
I like this pattern in black as seen in the picture but I have done well with a white body, a pink body, a red body, and a yellow body.
11. Egg Sucking Leach
The egg-sucking leach is a great winter steelhead pattern. I will use this pattern in sizes 2 to 3 inches long, sizes 8 and 10 hooks.
I have also done well with micro egg-sucking leeches. These are 1 inch long.
Black bodies with pink, yellow, and chartreuse egg heads are best.
Other Great Flies For Winter Steelhead
There are a lot of other flies for winter steelhead that have been very effective when fly fishing for steelhead. Some of my favorites are:
- Flashback Scud
- SOS Fly
- Red Dart
- Beadhead Prince Nymph
Tying your own flies saves you money and lets you tie custom flies that will probably work better. With steelhead, you really need to be sure you use good strong fly hooks, if not, your bad hooks will bend or break.
If you are thinking about starting to tie your own flies, check out 5 Best Fly Tying Kits From Beginner to Advanced.
Fishing Steelhead In The Winter
You may be out all day fishing these winter steelhead flies and you are going to want to be able to focus on your presentation and not on how cold your hands and feet are.
If you have ever wondered how river guides can be standing in ice cold water or on a boat in freezing temperatures day after day and not get cold, my article Winter Fishing: Guide Tips For Staying Warm And Comfortable.
Got A Question About Winter Steelhead Flies
If you have a question, comment about winter steelhead flies, or if you have another great winter steelhead fly that you would like to share with me and the reader let me know in the comments sections below.