Spoon Fishing For Trout: Guide Tactics For More Trout

A big brown trout caught on a trout spoon
A nice brown trout caught by one of my clients

If you want to get learn how or get better at spoon fishing for trout, keep it simple, and do it how river guides like me do it. I know that a well-presented spoon can entice strikes by triggering their aggressive instincts in large and small trout. If fact, Spoon fishing is one of my secrets to catching huge trout.

Learning the three easy but effective methods of fishing spoons for trout, combined with thorough coverage of the water from top to bottom and understanding the appropriate depth for the spoon, are crucial for successful trout spoon fishing.

It is also essential to use the right spoons and effective colors for the conditions.

Do Spoons Work For Trout?

A big trout I caught while spoon fishing for trout
A nice 25 inch brown trout I caught at dawn in 2 feet of water at the head of a pool.

The effectiveness of spoons for all types of trout fishing is proven and there is a reason why veteran anglers and guides use spoons for trout.

When I am guiding for trout using spoons, my approach depends on various factors such as river conditions, depth, water clarity, current speed, and the activity level of the trout.

Choosing the most suitable spoon, and the type of action or retrieve based on these conditions is crucial for success.

A well-presented spoon resembles a baitfish and this triggers a strike response due to the spoons lifelike appearance and movement.

One advantage of spoon fishing for trout is the ability to cover the water quicker than using something like bait. You can also cover multiple depths easier, as I will discuss further below.

Spoon Fishing For Trout Basics

Another nice brown trout caught spoon fishing for trout.
One of my clients with a nice brown trout.

Spoon fishing involves using a lure called a spoon and unlike many other trout lures, spoons possess the unique ability to flutter and flash, making them highly effective. The simplest method is just casting the spoon out and reeling it back in. But, you can make your retrieve more effective with some minor changes to your retrieve.

Not all spoons are suitable for trout fishing. The spoons used must be of the correct size, color, and weight.

You will see that my favorite trout spoons described below generate a flash and vibration in the water, resembling distressed fish. I will also discuss how I impart more action to trigger more bites. They also cast well and perform effectively in moving water.

Best Spoons For Trout Fishing

A trout caught on a spoon
Even a pink spoon can be good for trout.

Selecting the appropriate spoon is crucial for successful trout fishing.

There are two types of trout spoons, but only one should be used:

Trolling Spoons: These lightweight spoons and they are designed specifically for trolling and are not really suitable for casting or fishing in currents. I have tried to make them work but they just don’t work consistently. Many trolling spoons are also too light to cast effectively, do not sink well, and they tend to spin out of control and pop out of the water in faster currents. It is advisable to avoid using these spoons in rivers.

Casting Spoons: Heavier casting spoons offer superior casting distance due to their weight, they sink faster, exhibit an enticing wobble, and they perform well in moving currents. They are the preferred spoons for trout fishing and are commonly used by experienced guides.

The optimal size for trout casting spoons ranges from 1 to 3 inches in length, which closely resembles the baitfish sizes in the river. Even smaller trout under 10 inches will still hit a 3-inch spoon. Larger trout will hot spoon up to 5 inches, and I usually have a few four-inch spoons with me to try.

As a general rule, I will use larger spoons in turbid or high-flow conditions, and opt for smaller spoons in clear water or when targeting cautious fish in pools.

Here are some highly recommended spoons for trout fishing in rivers:

  1. ACME Tackle Little Cleo: The Little Cleo Spoon is widely regarded as one of the most popular trout spoons on the market. It performs exceptionally well in rivers and is suitable for casting off piers or shorelines of ponds and lakes. The 1.25 to 3-inch size is ideal for most water bodies and long casts.
  2. Thomas Buoyant Spoons: This is one of the most effective spoon I use when guiding for trout. It comes in many good colors and it is versatile and suitable for all three retrieval methods discussed below.
  3. Luhr Jensen Krocodile Spoons: The 1.25″ to 3.5-inch size is considered the best and most effective spoon for trout fishing. This spoon also has a lot of action and comes in many good colors.
  4. Mepps Little Wolf Spoon: This small spoon is a go-to choice for aggressive trout in most river sections. It is a highly rated and reliable spoon that works great for stocked or wild trout.
  5. Thomas Colorado Spoon: This spoon is effective for trout in almost all water types and is one of the more popular spoons.

Don’t forget to check out more of my best spoons and other great trout lures.

Best Spoon Colors For Trout Fishing

Choosing the right color of spoons can also influence the trout’s response.

To be honest, I’m pretty sure I’ve caught trout on every color or color combination of spoon there is, however, there are some colors that remain consistent producers.

Let me first just say that any color combination with silver is generally good. Copper and gold can also be very good.

Other great colors for trout are:

  • Yellow
  • White
  • black
  • olive
  • orange
  • Chartreuse

One thing I have seen with trout is their color preference can change day-to-day.

For this reason, I will often fish a post twice or even three times in a row. I have cast every inch of a spot with one color and had no response from the trout, then I changed colors and it seemed like every trout in the pool smashed the new color.

Guide Tip: When changing spoon colors, go with drastic changes at first. This means if I use a white spoon with no results, I will go totally opposite and go with a black spoon. If that doesn’t work I’ll go slightly lighter than white, like maybe yellow or light greenish.

Silver, gold, or brightly colored spoons with reflective surfaces are generally very effective, as they create a flash that can be seen from a distance. Having a spoon with the above colors combined with some flash is often my first choice over dull-colored spoons.

Three Most Effective Techniques For Spoon Fishing For Trout

Spoon fishing for rainbow trout is very effective.
Spoon fishing for rainbow trout is very effective.

Method #1: The most commonly used technique involves simply casting the spoon into the river and then retrieving it straight in with a slow steady retrieve.

Depending on the depth and speed of the river, you may need to allow the spoon to sink before starting the retrieve. I’ll discuss proper depth below.

Method #2: This technique is best suited for faster currents. Cast the spoon across and slightly downriver, allowing the current to swing the spoon across the pool without reeling at all. This “swing-style” method carries the spoon across the river and allows the spoon to wobble which imitates natural movement and triggers trout response.

Method #3: This is a jigging-type method. With this method, cast the spoon out and across the river, allowing it to sink to the bottom. Lift the rod tip from waist height to a few feet over your head, then lower the rod and repeat.

Three to four-foot movements of the rod tip are usually perfect. This jigging up and down motion creates a fluttering effect, resembling an injured baitfish, which triggers a strike response in large trout. This method is particularly effective near waterfalls, behind large obstacles, and in pocket water where trout tend to congregate.

I use these same methods when fishing spoons for steelhead and salmon in rivers and they are very effective.

How Fast To Reel A Spoon For Trout?

The speed at which you reel in the spoon depends on the spoon’s action, the current speed, and the trout’s activity level.

But let me make one thing clear, it is crucial to maintain a desirable side-to-side wobble and avoid excessive spinning so you need to reel in only fast enough to get the spoon working well.

Generally, a slow to medium retrieve speed is most effective, but different spoons may require variations in retrieval speed. If the spoon spins or pops out on the surface, you are reeling too fast or the current speed combined with your reeling is too fast for the spoon.

Inactive or neutral trout often require a slower speed and a more erratic retrieve. More aggressive trout will hit faster-moving spoons and spoons retrieved with a straight retrieve. Aggressive trout will also hit a slow erratic retrieve which is why I use this type of retrieve the most.

How Deep To Fish Spoons For Trout?

Determining the appropriate depth to fish spoons for trout in bigger deeper rivers is vital. In most cases, the trout are found close to the bottom, but that does not mean that your spoon should be dragging along the bottom.

To target trout effectively, aim to keep the spoon approximately 2 to 3 feet above their heads. In very clear water or when the trout are aggressive, adjustments may be necessary, and you may be fine to target depths of 5 to 6 feet above their heads.

The goal is to keep the spoon within their strike zone since trout prefer to feed upwards. Keeping the spoon off the bottom also helps minimize snags.

In my experience, getting the spoon closer to the trout increases the likelihood of provoking a strike. Therefore, the closer the spoon is to the trout, the better.

However, it can be challenging to determine the exact depth or height at which the spoon should be presented in deeper water especially if you don’t know how deep the water is and at what level the trout are holding. I will discuss my tactics for finding the right depth below.

When fishing with spoons, there are two approaches for positioning the lure in the water column. Most of the time, trout will be close to the bottom, but there are instances where they may be suspended.

Fishing Spoons High for Trout

In shallower rivers lakes or ponds, or areas less than 6 feet deep, you can start reeling in the spoon as soon as it hits the water to keep it higher in the water column. Sometimes, the spoon may only be a foot or two below the surface, which can be deep enough if the spot is 5 feet deep or less.

In shallow water, you may need to keep your rod tip high to keep the spoon elevated and prevent it from hitting the bottom. The height of your rod tip will depend on the current speed, spoon weight, and the desired depths.

If you find that the spoon is still hitting the bottom with a waist-high rod tip, elevate it to head height or slightly higher. In my experience, lifting the rod tip over my head is rarely necessary.

Fishing Spoons Deep For Trout

To achieve greater depths, cast straight across or slightly upriver, allowing the spoon to sink before starting the retrieve. The longer you wait and let the spoon sink, the deeper it will go.

During the retrieve, the spoon may start to rise, but a slower retrieval speed will help maintain its depth. You can also keep the rod tip low, even submerging it below the water’s surface, to maximize depth and prevent the spoon from rising.

If you consistently find the spoon bumping the bottom, it indicates that you are fishing too deep. To adjust, abruptly lift the rod tip by about 3 to 6 feet, which should raise the spoon accordingly. Keeping the rod tip elevated will help maintain the spoon at a higher level.

It’s important to note that trout may be close to the bottom or suspended a few feet off it, and this will affect their visibility and catchability, especially if the spoon is below them.

Covering All Levels of the Water Column

A diagram of the dive curve of a lure with rod tip high and rod tip low

To effectively cover the water column, it is important to have a systematic approach rather than randomly casting in all directions.

My recommended method for fishing a river and covering all parts of the water column involves starting with the first cast near the surface and gradually getting deeper with each consecutive cast until I hot fish or hit bottom.

First Cast: Reel in immediately and slowly to cover the top part of the water column.

Second Cast: Cast to the exact same spot as the first cast, allowing the spoon to sink 3 to 6 feet (3 to 6 seconds). Then lower your rod tip to or just below the water’s surface to effectively target the middle or lower part of the water column. A low rod tip or a rod tip below the surface will keep the spoon deep.

Third Cast: If you haven’t had a bite or hit the bottom on the first two casts, cast back to the exact same spot and let the spoon sink even longer or all the way to the bottom before starting the retrieval. Once it reaches the bottom, lift the rod tip 3 to 6 feet to suspend the spoon above the bottom.

You know you are on the bottom when the line on the surface goes slack.

Repeat: Cast 3 to 5 feet down the river and repeat the process. Pay close attention to any bites or bumps during the three casts, as they can provide valuable information about the fish’s location. This allows you to eliminate ineffective casts and focus on the level at which the trout are actively feeding or holding.

Often, I find that the most productive bites occur on the third or subsequent casts, which gives me a better understanding of the fish’s depth preferences. By adjusting the depth and gradually presenting the spoon lower and lower each time and in front of the trout with each cast, you can maximize your chances of enticing a strike from trout at all levels of the water column.

It’s important to note that achieving the correct depth and covering the water effectively requires patience and observation.

While some anglers may rush through a spot within a few minutes, I often spend an hour or more in the same area and often, I catch fish when others don’t.

Angler Position and Casting Direction

Covering the water with lures
I cover the water systematically from the top of the pool to the bottom of the pool casting about 2 to 3 feet down each time and allowing the lure to swing across the river.

When it comes to casting a spoon for trout in a river, I have found that casting straight across the river or slightly downriver tends to yield better results than casting upriver or straight downriver.

Casting upriver and retrieving downriver can sometimes startle the fish or make it more challenging for them to grab the lure.

In contrast, a spoon fluttering broadside and moving sideways across the river presents an easier and more enticing target for trout. Therefore, an across-river cast with a sideways retrieve is generally the most effective approach.

Covering The Water When Spoon Fishing For Trout

Covering the water with lures
In this image, the current is moving from the right to the left. Cast across and land your lure 3 to 6 feet downriver with each consecutive cast. Let the lure swing or twitch it across the pool from the far side to the inside as you retrieve it.

Properly covering the water is essential when spoon fishing for trout in a river or lake. A lake is simply fan-casting, however, I do not recommend that in a river.

Instead of randomly casting or fanning in different directions, it’s best to adopt a methodical approach that covers the water from top to bottom.

This is a common oversight among anglers and can significantly impact their success in catching trout using various methods.

To achieve good coverage and to ensure you don’t miss any fish, I suggest starting your first retrieve at the top of the target area and gradually moving downward by 3 to 5 feet with each subsequent cast. Instead of casting down 3 to five feet, I cast in the exact same direction each and every time and I move my body down river 3 to 5 feet before each cast.

Three to five-foot increments ensure that every trout in the vicinity has an opportunity to see your spoon, leaving no gaps. With each cast, the spoon is presented slightly lower and closer to the trout, increasing the likelihood of enticing a strike.

I’ve watched my clients fish an entire spot with their random casting method they claim works for them, and although it works sometimes, having them fish the spot again using my coverage method usually ends up being far more effective with a lot more trout hooked.

Adapting to River Conditions for Spoon Selection and Technique

Adapting your fishing approach to suit the specific river conditions is vital. Factors such as depth, current speed, water clarity, the presence of structures like rocks and logs, and the width of the river all influence the behavior of trout and should guide your fishing methods.

Flexibility is key, as you need to adjust your approach accordingly. Let’s consider two scenarios:

Clear Water Spoon Fishing for Trout

In clear water conditions, you do not need to get your lure as close to the trout and you have the advantage of running your lure up to 6 feet away from a trout and still have good success. This allows you to spread out your casts and cover the water faster and ultimately put your lure in front of more trout.

However, exercise caution in shallow, clear water, as trout can be easily spooked by the splash of the spoon or its close proximity. To mitigate this, opt for smaller, less flashy spoons, cast them farther away from the fish or as close to the bank as possible, and retrieve them at a slower pace to remain inconspicuous.

It’s advisable to avoid landing your spoon directly on top of fish or in the middle of the pool. Instead, aim to cast close to the far bank and draw the spoon across and past the fish to avoid startling them in clear water.

It’s also important to stay quiet and stay out of the trout’s line of sight which can be down by staying low and casting from a further distance.

Dirty or Stained Water Spoon Fishing For Trout

In dirtier or stained water, where visibility is reduced, it becomes crucial to bring the spoon closer to the trout, ideally within a foot or two. Slow down your retrieve to accommodate the limited visibility.

The jigging retrieve technique proves highly effective in these conditions, as it helps trout locate the lure despite the reduced visibility.

If the water is exceptionally dirty, I recommend switching to a noisy lure such as an in-line spinner like a Vibax Spinner or a crankbait with a rattle. The added noise of the lure assists the trout in locating and striking the lure when their vision is compromised.

In un-clear water situations, I personally prefer larger spoons or lures with bright chartreuse colors to enhance their visibility in the murky water.

Adapting to Fast and Slow Water Conditions

Tailoring your approach to the water speed is crucial in trout spoon fishing. Consider the following:

Fast Water Methods and Tips

Andrew with a fast water brown trout
My fishing buddy Andrew with a fast water brown trout.

When fishing in faster currents, employ the swing method so the spoon moves slower and the action of the spoon is best.

Allow the spoon to move slowly with the current, avoiding rapid reeling that may cause the spoon to spin or become too difficult for the fish to detect and grab.

Slow Water Methods and Tips

In slower water, opt for a slow to medium-speed retrieve or the jigging technique. The swing method is less effective since the slow current won’t facilitate the desired wobbling motion of the spoon, and it may cause the spoon to hit and drag along the riverbed too much.

Spoon Fishing For Trout Summary

In summary, successful spoon fishing for trout requires a thorough understanding of their behavior, selecting appropriate spoons for the conditions, mastering presentation techniques, and adapting to specific river conditions.

If you have a question or some tips and advice on trout fishing with spoons, let me know in the comments section below.

Tight Lines,


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