Spey Fishing For Steelhead: Best Setup For Great Lakes

Spey fishing for steelhead

This is a quick article about Spey fishing for steelhead and I wrote it to answer the questions I get from my clients about what they need in order to get started Spey fishing for steelhead on great lakes rivers. I will discuss the right rods, reels, setup, and the flies that I and other river guides use to effectively Spey fishing for steelhead.

When Spey fishing for steelhead which is also known as swinging flies you simply cast your Spey fly across the river with a Spey rod and Spey line and you allow it to swing across the river. When Spey fishing for steelhead you will need specialized flies and sink tips to get your fly down to the steelhead.

Spey fishing for steelhead is done with a special 2 handed fly rod which I will discuss later. There are so many lines and tips and rods that it can get a bit confusing but I’m going to keep it simple but still effective.

Yes, you will need the proper setup to ensure you are fishing effectively. The proper setup includes the right fly line, the right-sized sink tips, the right size tippet, and the right flies.

Is Spey Fishing For Great Lakes Steelhead Effective?

Spey fishing for great lakes steelhead can be effective but rarely will it be the most effective fly fishing method for great lakes steelhead. The reason anglers use this method is because of the challenge of it, the thrill of the hard hits, and the fun of casting.

Most of the time I would say that Nymphing for steelhead on most rivers will be more effective and often more effective by about 5 to 1 but anglers give up numbers for the fun that spey fishing for steelhead provides.

This is based on my own experience and comparisons of the two methods in all types of rivers from New York to Michigan and into Northern Ontario.

The reason for this is that swinging flies generally attract the most aggressive steelhead. These are the steelhead that are willing to chase a moving target and I believe that most days the most aggressive steelhead only make up about 5 percent of the steelhead in the river.

With Nymphing, your nymph is a slow and easy moving target and it will work on both aggressive and neutral steelhead which greatly improves the amount of fish that will bite.

The other reason I think that you will catch less fish when Spey fishing is because most anglers don’t swing their flies effectively. They simply don’t understand how to get the flies deep enough or how or when to speed them up or slow them down. I will discuss these in more detail below.

Great Lakes Spey Rivers

Not all rivers are great for Spey fishing for steelhead and anglers will have their challenges with this method.

Great Lakes Spey Fishing Lines

Many great lakes steelhead rivers are smaller in size and they are 3 to 10 feet deep. The steelhead themselves are often deep, especially in the colder month and to catch these fish you are going to need bigger flies and heavier sink tips that get down fast.

The best fly line to use when Spey fishing for steelhead on great lakes rivers that are narrow and deeper is a Skagit fly line. Skagit lines are heavy and they allow anglers to throw heavy sinking tips a long way with ease. Skagit lines are best in water from 3 to 12 feet deep.

I have found that Skagit lines are the easiest for new anglers to learn to cast and are my preferred line to use when I am guiding on most great lakes rivers.

Scandi Spey lines are another good option on wider shallower rivers that don’t require as heavy of a sink tip to get the fly down fast. These are good spey lines for fishing in water that is less than 5 feet deep.

Sink Tips For Spey Fishing For Steelhead

You will need to get yourself a 9 to 15-foot sink tip line. This length of sink tip should be good for most rods between 11 and 14 feet long.

For most mid-sized great lakes rivers that are 30 to 60 feet wide, I like to use sink tips between 10 and 12 feet long.

Because of the way the great lakes rivers are, with a combination of long deeper pools, some shallower runs, and pockets with boulders I prefer to use MOW tips to help me get my flies into tight spots.

For most mid-sized rivers of 30 to 60 feet wide, I find that a T-9 to a T-11 sink tip will work just fine.

On larger rivers over 60 feet wide that have good flow a T-14 might be a better option, however, I prefer to use my mending technique with a T-11 to get my fly into the strike zone.

If possible I prefer sink tips in darker colors like green, grey and black and I try to avoid lighter colored tips in tans, yellows, or whites.

Tippets For Great Lakes Spey Fishing

When steelhead fishing I will mostly use a 3 to 5 foot 12-pound fluorocarbon leader attached to the end of the sink tip.

In dirtier water or when needing to get my fly deep quickly behind a boulder or in a pocket I might drop down to a 2 feet tippet.

Best Flies For Spey Fishing Great Lakes Steelhead

Thicker or bulkier flies sink slower, and thinner flies sink faster so I have an assortment of big, medium, and smaller flies in my fly box. My average-sized fly is about 3 inches long.

I also find that certain colors will work better on some rivers or in different water clarity than other colors. Having a small assortment of fly colors is a great idea.

Some of the most effective flies for great lakes steelhead are listed below.

Getting You Flies Down

Coming March 2022

Controlling The Speed of Your Fly

Coming March 2022


  1. Great stuff! Can’t wait to read the last two sections! Definitely want to read more on controlling your speed.

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