Effectively Covering The Water When Float Fishing

Effectively covering the water when float fishing is one of the 4 fundamentals that I teach my clients. Covering the water well is critical to catching more trout and steelhead yet many anglers do it poorly. These tips will help you cover the water better and so you can start catching more trout, steelhead, and salmon.

Covering the water when float fishing means presenting your bait to every spot that a fish might be holding. You need to be standing in the right spot, you need to be fishing in lines in a systematic way, you need to be getting your bait deep enough, and you need to cover all spots thoroughly.

Reading The Water

Covering the water when float fishing means knowing how to read the water
Part of covering the water effectively is knowing what water is good and what is not good. This is called reading the water.

Part of covering the water effectively is knowing what water is good and what water won’t have any fish in it. This is called reading the water and it can be easy once you know what to look for.

Most fish like depth, current, and structure, so if you can see this you are going to be able to cover those spots better. Being able to read the water means you can focus on just the good spots.

I often tell anglers that if you know how to read the water well you can eliminate over 70% of the water that doesn’t hold much fish. Often, 80% of the fish will hold in the same 20% of the water. When you figure out how to find these spots you can eliminate all the bad water and start catching more fish.

80% of the fish hold in 20% of the water
On trout and steelhead rivers, it’s not uncommon for 80% of the fish to hold in 20% of the water. Reading the water and knowing where to fish gives you a better chance for more fish.

When fishing big water that you can’t really see the bottom or where you can’t see any obvious holding areas or structure, I will start fishing the spot where I lose sight of the bottom and will fish in lines about 1 foot apart from one side of the river to the other side of the river where I can start seeing bottom again.

Covering the water on large rivers
Covering the water on large rivers that you can’t see the bottom might mean fishing everywhere. Fishing in lines from the top of the pool down is the best method to cover the water well.

Trout, steelhead, and salmon use the current for oxygen, to bring them their food, and for holding in. Still water along the edges of the river should be avoided as this is not good water for steelhead, trout, or salmon.

Be In The Right Spot To Cover The Water Better

When float fishing it’s best to fish from the top of the pool down to the bottom of the pool in lines. I will get more into fishing lines soon but let’s talk about where you should be standing first.

To cover the water well, you need to be standing near the top of the pool about a rod’s length and a half from where the deep water starts and then cast your float there. This means your float will be landing 6 to 8 feet further than your rod tip can reach.

In the above picture, you can see the two anglers are fishing very close to the first line and therefore they would be practically standing on top of the fish.

To fish that first line well, they really should be standing back about 20 feet. The only time I might move to where they are standing is if I was fishing the middle or far side of this run.

Each time you cast, you will move your float 1 foot further out until you have covered the entire run. This is the basics of effectively covering the water when float fishing and I will get into fishing lines below.

There is a natural tendency for your float to slowly pull towards the bank that you are standing on and this can be a problem since you want to keep the float moving in straighter lines.

It’s not uncommon for me to stand with my clients in one spot to start and then slowly move further out into the pool as we start fishing further away to keep the float tracking in a straight lines.

Standing at the top of the pool and fishing down is best.
Knowing where to stand when float fishing will mean more fish. If you look closely, you can see an angler in the wrong spot.

In my guiding experience, I have found that many guys move in too close when they start to fish a spot and they are often fishing right under their rod tip which is not good.

I have also found that anglers will stand downriver and cast upriver to the top of the pool and let their float drift past them which is not good for proper presentation. Standing at the top of the pool allows you to control your presentation and speed better and that is very important if you want to catch the most fish possible.

In fact, controlling your speed is what I consider to be the most important fundamental of effective float fishing and you can see more about that on my page Float Fishing: Controlling Your Speed For More Fish.

How Do You Stop Your Float From Drifting Towards You

The further out you are and the more directly below your rod tip is the more straight your float will run in the current.

The further out and across your float is the more likely it will start to micro drag in towards you and this is an unnatural path for your bait to be moving and if it’s too much the fish will ignore your bait. So how do you stop your float from drifting towards you?

The two best ways to stop your float from drifting towards your is to use the right float, release some of the tension on your line, and move your body or your rod tip further out into the pool so it’s more directly above the float.

First, make sure that you have the right float for float fishing. Some floats work better for tracking straight so check out my page 5 Best Centerpin Floats For 2021.

If you find that your float keeps pulling in towards you which is normal when you stand off to the side, try fishing in lines directly below your rod tip which will help you float drift straight down.

Just remember that if your float is not tracking in towards you then it’s best to stand back because standing directly above the fish could potentially spook some fish.

Fish In Lines

Fishing the bubble lines when covering water
You float should always be moving in the same direction of the bubbles and should not pull to one side or the other.

When covering the water when float fishing, your float should travel in the same direction as the bubbles. If the bubbles on the waters surface run straight your float should run straight, if the bubbles curve around a bend then your float will also travel around the bend.

I call this fishing in lines from the top to the bottom of the spot that you are fishing.

Depending on the type of water and the fish that I am targeting, I will run 2 or 3 casts down the same line and then move it over about 1 foot and repeat this until I have covered the entire spot.

I teach clients to use rocks on the bottom, deep edges, current lines, or even the distance from the rod tip or from the bank as markers to help them remember where the last cast landed and where the next cast needs to go.

If done properly, my bait will have been within 1 foot of every fish in that pool providing I have my float set to the right depth which I will discuss below.

The smaller my bait the harder it is for fish to see it so I will often cast the same line more times with a small bait just to make sure all the fish in that line see the bait. If it’s a very large bait that stands out like a 4-inch pink plastic worm, I will cast it fewer times because the fish should see it easily the first or second time, especially if the water is clear.

I might cast the same lines more times in off-colored water.

Guide Tip – Just because a fish sees your bait doesn’t mean it will eat it. In fact, I know for certain that many anglers put their bait past fish and the fish ignore it simply because the anglers have not perfected the 4 fundamentals of float fishing which I discuss in my article Centerpin Fishing For Beginners: 20 Steps From A Top Guide.

If you landed on this page first before reading that article let me just say it is a must-read article if you seriously want to start catching more fish when float fishing. Even if you are not a beginner, the 4 fundamentals of float fishing are something you must perfect because even getting one wrong will limit your success.

Fish From The Inside Out

When I watch most anglers float fish a spot, their casts and their drifts are very random. Some casts are here and some are there. They make 10 casts down the same line and then 1 over there and then 1 over here. It doesn’t surprise me that anglers struggle to catch fish even when they are using such an effective method as float fishing.

I tend to fish and cover the water very systematically and this is what I teach my clients. I always start fishing the pool from close to me to farthest from me and I never miss any part of the pool.

The reason for this is that casting a float out in the middle or the far side first could spook fish that were in closer to you when you drag your float back over their heads when you reel it in. For me, starting my casts in close is also a way to make sure that I cover the entire pool.

Getting The Right Depth

Part of covering the water when float fishing is not just covering the water from 1 bank across to the other bank or from the top of the pool to the bottom of the pool. It’s also about covering the right depth and being in the right part of the water column.

Getting the right depth when float fishing is important because most fish will be within 24 inches of the bottom and often they won’t move very far to hit a bait.

Many of my clients will ask me how do I know how deep to set my float? The answer is to guess how deep the water is, then set your float slighter shallower than you think, and then cast and see if it either catches fish or catches bottom. Once you find the bottom, make it 6 inches to 12 inches shorter so you are not dragging the bottom.

Finding the bottom and even mapping out the pool so you know where the deep spots and trenches and rocks all are is important. Finding the depth and setting the hook is one of the 4 fundamentals of effective float fishing that I teach my clients. You need to do this well if you really want to start catching more fish when float fishing.

I discuss everything you need to know to find the bottom easily and to be sure you are in the strike zone on my page How To Know How Deep To Set Your Float – 2 Easy Ways.

See Edges When Covering Water – The First Drop

Fishing edges on a river
The first drop closest to you and at the top of the pool is where you start your first cast.

I tell my clients that the fish will often sit on the edge of the first drop. The first drop can occur in multiple spots.

The first drop could be where the 2-foot deep riffle water above the pool drops into the 4-foot start of the pool and there could be fish right there.

The first drop or edge could also be 2 feet or 10 feet out from the bank on both sides of the river. You might see the bottom for 6 feet out and then it just gets deeper, this is the first edge and this is where I will start fishing.

I look for the first drop at the top of the pool and the first drop on my side of the river and make my first cast there. In spots that have deep but slow water near the bank, I will start my first drift where the current starts.

Sometimes the first edge is 20 feet out and sometimes it’s 2 feet from the bank. It’s right where you almost lose sight of the bottom.

Then I make a few good drifts always looking for the bottom as talked about above, and then once I find the bottom I make a couple of good drifts and then I fish the next line which is 1 foot further, and then I repeat, 1 foot at a time until I’m all the way across the river or at the next edge where it starts to shallow up again.

Guide Tip – When casting and fishing lines, most beginners won’t have the accuracy to land the float perfectly on the line that they want to fish which is why I recommend two things.

First, if you cast short or miss your target spot, just fish it out.

Second, to help you with accuracy try casting beyond the spot you wanted to land your float and then pull the float into the lane position you want to fish.

Got A Question About Cover The Water When Float Fishing

Hopefully, that gives you a good idea of how to cover the water better. If you have a question, comment, or tip about covering the water when float fishing just let me or other readers know in the comments section below.

Tight Lines


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