Best River Fishing Rods Of 2023: Trout And Steelhead Rods

River Fishing Rods For Trout And Steelhead

River Fishing Rods For Trout And Steelhead

As a full-time river guide, I’m always being asked what the best river fishing rods are, so I put this page together for my clients and my friends, and my readers.

River fishing rods should be light, flexible, and durable. Anglers use different river fishing rods for different types of fishing methods and for different fish. I prefer a 7 to 9-foot river fishing rod for lures and a 9 to 13-foot river fishing rod for float fishing or bottom bouncing methods.

When it comes to river fishing rods there are 4 different types to choose from. There are spinning rods which are the most common rods for trout and steelhead fishing and this is what this article is all about.

Then there are baitcasting rods which are also known as just casting rods, and there are fly fishing rods, and then there are Centerpin fishing rods which can also be called float rods. If Centerpin and float rods are what you are interested in, you can check out my page 5 Best Centerpin Rods Of 2022.

Quick Pick – Best River Rod For Trout

Best General Purpose Trout Rod – Spinning Rod

The best trout rod for fishing in small to mid-sized rivers that is good for multiple methods is the 8 foot Okuma Guide Select Pro Trout Spinning Rod. The ultralight is great for most trout.

This rod is available in most locations for under $120.00

Quick Pick – Best River Rod For Steelhead

Best Steelhead Rod

Okuma SST New Generation Spinning Rod

The 9’6 medium-light, model # SST-S-962MLa might be one of the best general-purpose steelhead rods that I have used for great lakes steelhead fishing.

You can cast lures or float fishing with this rod.

The other great thing about the Okuma SST New Generation rod is that there are lots of options and models for trout, steelhead, and salmon.

  • The 7’6 Ultralight SST is a great choice for smaller rivers and trout.
  • The 9’6″ light makes a good trout and a good light steelhead rod suitable for float fishing and casting lures.
  • The 10’6 medium-light is a good small to mid-sized river rod for trout and steelhead.

There are many other rod choices listed below because some rods that are better in some situations and in different types of water. I will discuss all the different options to help you choose the best rod for you.

River Fishing Rod Ratings For Action and Power

River fishing rod sizing

Trout rods come rated by action and by power. The action refers to where the rod starts to bend easily and it matters most when casting. The power rating refers to how much weight is needed to bend the rod and that matters most when fighting the fish.

Often the best river fishing rods will fit in the Ultralight to Medium range.

Fast Action Trout Rods: A fast action trout rod will be stiffer on the bottom 2/3rds of the rod and will be softer and bend more at the top 1/3 rd of the rod. A fast-action trout rod will still bend down closer to the handle but it will take a lot more weight to get it to bend there. Fast action trout rods are great for fast long casts and are better for hook sets. Most ultralight small trout rods will be fast action rods.

Slow Action Trout Rods: A slow action trout rod will be softer all the way through the whole rod blank, and it will start bending closer to the handle all the way to the tip in a more even bend. Softer slow-action trout rods might be better for casting baits like worms where you need a softer lob type of cast. You will see more of the bigger longer steelhead float rods being closer to slow-medium action.

In the old days (about 30 years ago) we used to call these soft whippy rods “noodle rods”.

Medium Action Trout Rods: Medium action trout rods will bend somewhere between a fast and slow action trout rod.

Extra-Fast Action Trout Rods: There is also such a thing as extra fast rods which are generally very stiff rods almost right to the tip of the rod. I’m not a huge fan of these rods for trout so stick with a fast or medium-fast river fishing rod.

When it comes to the power of a rod it generally means the strength or power of a rod.

Heavy Power River Fishing Rods: A river fishing rod that is rated as heavy, extra-heavy, or medium-heavy will not bend as easily as a light power trout rod will.

It will take a lot of pressure on a big fish to bend a heavy or extra heavy rod fully. Many of my old musky rods were heavy or extra-heavy rods because I was casting lures over 10 inches and I was fishing fish over 30 pounds.

Heavy and extra-heavy rods are ones you might use in a river for really large fish like king salmon or very large ocean-run steelhead. Heavy rods will usually have a line rating of 16-pounds and higher. A heavy power rod would be a good choice for west coast salmon but not for your regular trout or great lakes steelhead.

Small Trout Require small river fishing rods
Small trout require smaller ultra light and light rods.

A small 6 to 10 inch trout won’t even bend a heavy rod and you won’t feel much of the fight.

Medium Power Rod: This will be a softer rod that will bend more easily and would be used on medium-sized fish like west coast steelhead or great lakes salmon.

I would use a medium power rod for bigger trout and on great lakes steelhead on very large and faster-flowing rivers like the Niagara River.

Medium Light Rod: This would be the river fishing rod that I would use for most trout in rivers that are 20 to 80 feet wide. It’s a good-sized trout rod because it will be light enough to fish all day, and will provide a good hook set, and still have enough backbone power to control most inland trout and steelhead.

Light Power Rods: Light power and ultralight power rods are the best rods for small trout in small rivers of 10 feet wide or less. These light trout rods make fishing for little trout easy and fun and they can handle even some larger trout up to 5 pounds.

Note: Many float rods designed for steelhead are rated a bit different and on some brands, a 13 foot light or medium-light rod will be fine for great lakes steelhead.

Rod Length For River Fishing Rods.

Small Creeks require smaller rods
When fishing very small creeks under 8 feet wide with lots of brush around a river fishing rods of 5 to 6 feet are best.

Small River Fishing For Trout: If you fish a lot of small creeks under 10 feet wide or you fish rivers where most of the trout are under 10 inches then a 5 to 6-foot light or ultra-light trout rod like the 5 foot ultralight St.Croix Premier trout rod is a great idea.

These small trout rods are easier to cast and to play a fish when there is a lot of bushes, trees, or tall grass around. Fighting small fish on these small trout rods can be a lot of fun.

I fish some creaks that are so small that I can jump across them, they might average 3 feet wide. These little hidden gems can be full of trout and even some big ones too, and most anglers will ignore them. For these super tiny creeks, a 4 or 5-foot ultralight trout rod is a good river fishing rod.

Small to medium sixed river require bigger trout rods.
Rivers like this one can be fished well with river fishing rods from 6 to 9 feet.

Small To Medium Sized Trout Creeks/Rivers: I personally like long trout rods up to 10 feet for fishing rivers like the one you see in the picture. If the river is open and not choked with trees hanging off the bank I prefer a light action 8′ or 10-foot trout rod like the 8.5″ St.Croix Premier Trout Rod.

I like these longer rods because they are fun to use and they allow me to float fish or bottom bounce or throw lures if I want to.

Some anglers find casting lures with a 10-foot rod difficult so for just casting lures in a river that is 15 feet wide or bigger you could use a good 7 to 9-foot light action trout rod especially if most of the fish are under 14 inches. FYI, longer trout rods will generally cast farther but they get caught in overhanging trees more often and require a longer casting stroke.

Medium sized rivers like this are best fished with fishing rods that are 9 feet to 11 feet in length
On medium to large sized rivers I prefer a river fishing rod between 9 and 11 feet as an all-purpose river fishing rod.

On rivers of 20 feet to 50 feet, I prefer a 9 to 11-foot trout rod for casting lures and for float fishing, however, a rod between 7 and 9 feet is still better for lure fishing.

The longer trout rod gives me more reach and is better for float fishing in bigger pools.

A longer trout rod also acts like a big shock absorber when fighting fish on very light leaders. Light leaders are sometimes required when fishing very clear trout rivers.

If I’m fishing trout, I will stay with a light action rod, but if I’m fishing Great Lake’s steelhead, I will go with a medium-light or a medium rod.

Spinning Rods For River Fishing

Here is a table that will help you determine what the best river fishing rod is for your type of fishing.

Rod Type

River Type

Fish Size

Float Fishing

5 to 6 foot - UltraLight Action

Small creeks that are 3 to 10 feet wide

Best for trout Under 10"

Small floats, small baits, small lures, little weight

6 to 7.6 foot Light power - medium to fast action -

Best in Small creeks and rivers from 8 to 20 feet wide

Suitable for 6" to 20" Trout

Small lures up to 4  inches, small to medium floats, most sized baits with light weights

7 to 9 foot Med-Light to medium power with medium to fast action.

Best for larger creeks and rivers- 16 to 60 feet wide

Suitable for trout from 10" to 30 inches

Medium to large lures, medium to large floats, any sized bait with a fair amount of  weight

9 to 11 foot Med-Light to medium power with medium to fast action.

Best all around rod - good for rivers that are 16 to 80+ feet wide

Good for trout of all sizes up to 20 pounds - Med-lihGood for great lakes steelhead

Medium To large floats, any sized bait with a fair amount of  weight

11 to 14 foot Med-Light to medium power with medium  action.

Best rod for bigger rivers of 30 to 100+ feet wide

This is a big trout rod. It's best for bigger trout and steelhead over 16"

Best rods for float fishing with floats and weights of any size.

9 to 11 foot Medium to medium heavy with medium to meduim fast action

Best rod for bigger rivers of 30 to 100+ feet wide

This is a rod for west coast steelhead and great lakes salmon

Best for lure fishing

11 to 14 foot Medium to medium heavy with medium action

Best rod for bigger rivers of 30 to 100+ feet wide

This is a rod for big west coast steelhead and salmon

Best for float fishing rivers on the West Coast

These Are The Best River Fishing Rods

If I was to go buy a rod right now or if I was to recommend a rod for one of my clients, this is what I would tell them.

Best Economy River Fishing Rods

The Okuma SST Rod is a great trout rod
My old Okuma SST Rod that used to sell between $40 and $70 depending on the model is a great trout rod. I use this rod for small river trout and also use the larger size for steelhead.

I consider an economy trout rod one that sells for under $80.00 dollars.

Let me just tell you that I have three trout rods under $50.00, and they have been good so far. Therefore I would say that you can get a decent trout rod for under $50.00 especially if they are on sale.

But, remember that you get what you pay for because there are some crappy rods under $50.00 too.

I would not recommend a rod under $50 for steelhead or salmon. These big fish are just too big and too strong for a cheap rod, and you will likely be disappointed, and based on my experience and user review on these cheap rods, your chances of breaking the rod are high.

Okuma Celilo Spinning Rod
The Okuma Celilo Spinning Rod comes in at a great price under $45.00

Best Economy Trout Rod – Under $50.00

The Okuma Celilo Spinning Rod is a great choice for trout anglers on a serious budget.

It sells for under $45.00 at most locations and it gets great reviews.

The ultra-small 4’6″ to 5’6″ rods are good for tiny creeks or the 8-foot ultralight trout rod which I really like on bigger trout rivers and when float fishing.

  • MY CHOICE – Okuma SST Spinning Trout Rod is the river fishing rod that I use the most when guiding with spinning reels on very small creeks. The 5’6″ Ultralight is fun to use on those very small trout creeks that have a lot of bush and overhanging trees. The 7-foot ultralight is good on bigger creeks. This rod ranges from about $59 up to $100. See below for more on this great rod.
  • Best Under $40.00 – Check out the Daiwa Spinmatic D Spinning Rod at – HERE – The 5’6″ ultralight Spinmatic trout rod is great for tiny streams under 10 wide with lots of bush and where tight casting is required. I have a few clients and friend let me try this rod. The 7’6″ or 8-foot rod is good for bigger trout rivers where longer casts are required.
  • BEST FOR STEELHEAD – I could not find a rod under $70 that I felt comfortable recommending, but I have been using the 10’6″ Okuma SST Salmon & Steelhead Spinning rod for years when guiding for steelhead, and I found it for only $75.00 at -HERE.

Mid-Priced River Fishing Rods

Guiding with trout rods
Guiding and fishing with the right trout rods can help you catch more fish.

I guided for 10 years with the St.Croix Premier Spinning Rods and owned 5 or 6 of them. I also sold a lot of them when I owned my tackle store and they got great reviews then, and they still do today.

The St.Croix company was always great to deal with if there was ever a problem. The best part is that I think that most of their rods are still made in the USA.

The St.Croix Premier trout rods were great to fish with and are very strong and durable, which is great for dealing with all the river fishing abuse that can happen. If I needed a new trout rod for guiding this would be my first choice.

St. Croix Premier Spinning Rod
St. Croix Premier Spinning Rod

Best Mid Priced Rod $129.00 – $229.00

The St.Croix Premier 5-foot and 6-foot ultralight rods are great for small streams, but the 8’6″ light trout rod is the best mid-priced trout rod for float fishing and for casting lures on bigger trout rivers over 20 feet wide.

You can check pricing at or at Bass Pro Shops-HERE or at Amazon-HERE

St. Croix Triumph Spinning Rod
St. Croix Triumph Spinning Rod

Best Float Rod For Trout Fishing

It’s hard to find a good long float rod light enough for trout.

The St. Croix Triumph Salmon & Steelhead Spinning Rod has a 10’6 ultra light rod that good for small to mid-sized trout rivers.

Another great option if you want a step up from the Triumph rod is the St. Croix Avid Trout rod. The 5 or 6-foot ultralight Avid trout rod is great for small creeks and the 8 foot light rod makes a great bigger trout river fishing rod for casting lures and floats. You can check out the price at – HERE or at Amazon – HERE

For a good mid-high priced steelhead or big trout rod that is suitable for multiple methods, check out the 10-foot med-light G. Loomis E6X Steelhead Spinning Rod model number E6X 1203-2S STFR at – HERE.

Another good option for a steelhead spinning rod if all you want to do is float fishing is the 12’6″ Med-Light Raven Helix Float Rod from – HERE which you can pick up for under $180.00. You could also drift fish or bottom bounce with this rod.

Float Rods For River Fishing

Float Rods - Image By Dylan @mr_sandy_pond
Float Rods – Image By our team photographer Dylan @mr_sandy_pond – Click the image to see more from Dylan

If you are mostly into float fishing for trout and steelhead or even salmon, you can use a spinning reel on a Centerpin rod.

If this is your thing, you can also check out my 5 Float Rods page.

Spinning Reels For Trout Rods

Make sure you put the right size reel on your rod and that it’s balanced out properly.

You want a reel that is suitable for the size of the rod, the size of the river, and the size of the fish. Check out my page on the Best Spinning Reels For River Fishing for what I recommend.

For bottom bouncing methods, including my advanced bottom bouncing technique, check my page on Bottom Bouncing – 5 Proven Guide Tips For More Fish

Got A Question About River Fishing Rods

I’ve had the opportunity to fish with a lot of trout rods and steelhead rods over the last 20 years of guiding but I’m sure there are some river fishing rods that I haven’t used yet.

If you have a question, comment or a recommendation for a great river fishing rod let me and the readers know in the comment section below.

Tight Lines,


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  1. Nowadays, you can also get good fishing rods at an affordable price. You just need to spend time in searching for them. Remember, the price of a good quality rod does not mean the quality of it.

  2. Graham… so appreciate all that you’re willing to offer us out of your experience; makes a real difference for many of us.
    You highlight above your preference for 9 to 13 foot rod for river float and bottom bouncing. Where we live (NW CT) there are no steelheads, and I’m looking for recommendations for a mid-priced spinning rod (under $175) that can handle both good size rainbows and browns and with which I can effectively use both the float, and bottom bouncing techniques. (Even cast a few spinners now and then). I’ll be using a Pfleuger Supreme XT30 with the rod. I’ll be fishing mostly from the banks, so I’d like to keep it closer to 9ft due to the amount of brush and overhang. The longest rod you recommend in that price range is the St.Croix 8’6″. Would appreciate if you could recommend several in the 9 to 9’6″ length given what I’m targeting and the presentations I want to use? Thanks for your time with this.

  3. Thanks, Graham, for taking the time with me. If I upped the budget “a little more” as you say what would your rod recommendations then be?

  4. Graham…. very appreciated!.. from all that i had read, I was just concerned that an 8’6″ would not give me the length required to mend effectively when float fishing from the bank… as tempting as the St. Croix Premiere is. And with the the brush and overhang on the CT rivers that I fish.. I thought a 10+ ft rod would prove frustrating. In addition to wanting a rod that would be a comparable match to the Pfleuger Supreme XT30… I was looking also for one that would be effective with bottom bouncing and tossing spinners. Not easy… knowing that most would have a dedicated rod for each approach.
    Once again…. thank you so much for your assist.

  5. Hi Graham, I’m really keen to try the drift/bottom fishing method on my local river in England, though I’m having some difficulty in finding a rod that might do the job. Some of the rods mentioned aren’t available in the UK, or if they are, there is a large import duty attached to the price. Naturally, I want to see if I get along with the method before getting better gear – Can you recommend a rod around the 10 foot mark, to try out for decent sized Chub, Barbel, Trout, Pike, Perch, as well as a decent run of Atlantic Salmon and Sea Trout please? Fish on average are between 2lb to 15lb+.
    As suggested, I’ve been looking for a ML rod and so far I’ve (sort of) narrowed it down to: Abu Garcia Tormentor 10-40g. Abu Garcia Venturi 15-50g, though I think that these may still be too heavy and not sensitive enough. What do you think? Thanks in advance.

    1. Hi Richard,

      Unfortunately, I’m not an expert on Uk rods and what’s available or not available there, and I don’t like to recommend rods that I haven’t used or have no first-hand knowledge on so I can’t comment on those rods.

      For fish in the 2 to 15pound range, I would suggest a 9’6 or 10-foot rod in the medium-light size. Maybe look into the light steelhead rods.

      Good luck.

  6. Hi Graham.
    This is a great topic. One factor in choosing rod length is how much travelling you do to fish.. if you fish one stretch of one river exclusively, one action, power and length will suit you fine. in my case, fishing the Saugeen near Southampton, I love my 8 and 9 foot six inch rods for lures. The same river in Walkerton I have a 6 foot six inch St. Croix medium heavy action that is worth its weight in gold in fishing among all those %*&!# Willow branches that over hang the river bank.
    You seldom see 6 foot 6 inch rods recommended for Steelhead but in some cases, especially with the Steelhead, its fun and effective to think outside the box.
    Cheers Graham!

      1. Hi Graham, I’ve read your article, I was wondering if you could help me to select a fishing pole combo to purchase and gear. My husband is planning a trip to Idaho to fish hells canyon snake river and the salmon River..For trout,steelhead,salmon I would appreciate your recommendations. Thank you

        1. Hi Monica,

          Those are big rivers and three different types of fish, which usually require 2 or 3 different sizes of fly rods or spinning rods. There’s a lot going on there and you have not provided enough info for me to give you a proper answer and I don’t want to steer you in the wrong direction. If he is fishing mostly for trout, or steelhead or salmon see below.

          If I could only have one rod with me to use for all of those species it would be a 10 foot 7 weight fly rod with a floating line, however it’s not the perfect rod for any of them.

          For just steelhead a 10 foot 8 weight fly rod should be good, with floating line,
          For just trout, I would go with a 9 foot 5 or 6 weight fly rod with floating line
          For Salmon, I would go with a 9 foot 9 weight fly rod with floating line.

          For salmon and steelhead many angler like to spey fish.. thats a whole other thing..

          And if he is spin fishing, also a whole other thing..

          Best of luck,